Feedback: This scoping review which describes what has been published in English regarding feedback to healthcare learners will be of interest mostly to researchers and those looking for a comprehensive view of the field. The bulk of publications were from English-speaking countries and focused on medical students or residents in those countries. Of publications with a specialty focus, a majority involved either internal medicine or surgery. The overall level of the literature seems to be in a nascent stage. For example, even though a majority of articles described a new approach to feedback, only 7.5% of articles involved randomization of learners. Likewise, in the large number of articles that evaluated a feedback intervention, 57.7% confined that evaluation to the learners’ reaction to feedback, rather than measuring more important outcomes such as changes in care or behavior. “High-level, evidence-based educational recommendations for feedback are lacking.” — Laura Willett, MD
Bing-You R, Hayes V, Varaklis K, Trowbridge R, Kemp H, McKelvy D. Acad Med. 2017 Feb 7. Feedback for Learners in Medical Education: What Is Known? A Scoping Review.